Official Name: Hellenic Republic or Ελληνική Δημοκρατία
Population: 11 183 716
Area: 131 957 sq/km (50 949 sq/mi)
Greece is a nation located in the Balkan peninsula in southeast Europe. Mainland Greece borders Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria and the European side of Turkey, while the countless islands are spread in the Aegean sea, Ionian sea and the Mediterranean sea.
The country is widely lauded as the birthplace of democracy and where Western civilization took its first steps. Millions of travellers arrive in Greece every year looking for a secular historical and cultural heritage and the idyllic beaches both in the islands and mainland Greece.
How to get to Greece?
The majority of visitors arrive in Greece either by plane or as part of the itinerary of a cruise ship. Due to Greek islands’ popularity among cruise lines, there are always routes stopping in multiple islands. Besides cruises, almost all main islands are served by international airports – Mykonos, Santorini, Crete, Kos, Rhodes, Zakynthos, etc -, as well as Athens and Thessaloniki, the main airports in mainland Greece.
Another option to get to some islands is by boat from Athens. From Piraeus port, throughout the day, several ferries depart towards the islands in the Aegean sea. We used Aegean Speed Lines to go from Athens to Mykonos and it took nearly four hours, stopping in Syros before as well.
Aegean Airlines, the flag carrier airline offers connections to destinations in Europe, Middle East and the North of Africa, alongside many of the world major airlines, flying to multiple destinations in North America, Europe and Asia.
When to go to Greece?
Greece is a welcoming and enjoyable destination year-round. Nonetheless, there are differences depending on the season of the year.
Located in the North hemisphere, winter in Japan extends from December to March, while summer goes from June to September. In winter, temperatures are lower, usually averaging between 15ºC and below 0ºC in the mountains. It is the wettest season, often including snowfall in the highlands. In summer, there’s a hot and dry climate, with temperatures sometimes higher than 40ºC, making perfect beach days. Nevertheless, in the peak of summer, it might become unpleasant, due to high temperatures, to walk around in cities.
Is a visa required to visit Greece?
Check here whether, according to your nationality, a visa is required or not to enter and stay in Greece.
Our blog posts about Greece